Total knee replacement, also called total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the worn out or damaged surfaces of the knee joint is removed and replaced with an artificial prosthesis.
The knee is made up of the femur (thighbone), tibia (shinbone) and patella (kneecap). The two menisci, soft cartilage between the femur and tibia, serve as a cushion and help absorb shock during motion. Arthritis is a common disorder that affects your joints. It can cause pain and inflammation, making it difficult to move or stay active. There are many types of arthritis. Each form causes different symptoms and may need different treatments. While arthritis usually affects older adults, it can develop in men, women and children of any age.
Arthritis is most common in the following areas of the body:
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis. It is the most common form of knee arthritis in which the joint cartilage gradually wears away, and often affects the elderly.
A health care provider will obtain a medical history, review symptoms, and perform a physical exam to check for tenderness, swelling, redness, flexibility, and any bony enlargements of the joint(s).
Medical tests or procedures that may be ordered to confirm an osteoarthritis diagnosis include the following:
In Other Words, Your doctor will diagnose osteoarthritis based on your medical history, physical examination, and X-rays. X-rays typically show a narrowing of the joint space in the arthritic knee.
As with any major surgery, the possible risks and complications associated with total knee replacement surgery include: