The concept behind hip preservation is that if some problems of the hip can be diagnosed at the early stage then the development of painful arthritis can be avoided at later stages.
The development of which can lead to a total hip replacement for many. Though the procedure is mainly targeted at teenagers and the young population there is no age bar as such.
Various conditions as hip dysplasia (shallow hip socket), femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), avascular necrosis (AVN), Perthes disease, and slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) have a higher chance of converting into hip arthritis.
Sometimes, early intervention may identify a cartilage injury or labral tear and. If the reason is diagnosed and the prognosis is followed, then the symptoms can get better considerably, and for many, it can get resolved completely before the condition becomes irreparable.
There are many procedures followed for the treatment like hip arthroscopy, periacetabular osteotomy, surgical hip dislocation, and femoral osteotomy.
However, all conditions of the hip don’t need surgical procedures. Some of the conditions get better with changes in activity and good physiotherapy.
The hip preservation technique can be beneficial in situations as of :
- Hip dysplasia, from infants to adults
- Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI)
- Labral tears
- Perthes disease
- Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
- Avascular necrosis
- Post-traumatic hip deformity